The problems of eating behavior of the child, in both directions, of type excess or deficit (overweight-obesity or anorexia-casexie) must look for and find the solution starting from the first identification of the cause and not necessarily from the treatment of the effect.
Most of the times the approach is at the level of effect: if the weight problems arise, the child goes directly to the nutritionist, psychologist, sports coach and a total solution is expected.
But somehow he looks at the first step that should be taken: identifying the cause that triggered the problem. Overweight, obesity, poor nutrition and sedentary lifestyle in children led to the increasing occurrence of type 2 diabetes and to this age group - children (population under 18-20 years).
In the 2012, Romania ranks 3rd in Europe for obesity among children (according to WHO statistics). In the last 8 years, the number of obese children in our country has doubled and 40% of Romanian children are overweight (about 5 million). Most of them come from urban area.
Statistics show that at European level - in the age group of children - 1 boy out of 3 and 1 girl out of 5 are obese and every year the number of children with weight problems increases by 500 000.
The latest study by the University of Dublin and communicated to IASO (International Association for the Study of Obesity) and officially published in the journal "Appetite" showed that: "Education for children about unhealthy junk-food - what does it mean and what should be avoided, as well as finding alternative healthy food solutions must start to learn from very early on, from preschool age - maximum receptivity and long-term success registering for young age groups, 3-5 years. "
According to this study, at this age there is a good ability to correctly identify healthy foods, but less satisfying is the ability of children to reject junk foods from their diet.
Although the children had enough notions of proper nutrition, this did not translate into an entirely correct decision when choosing the foods they were to consume.
An education in this regard must be continuous and sustained as an effort by all those who could influence the child's food choices: family - parents, brothers / sisters, grandparents, kindergarten, school, friends.
A good motivation of the child starts from the first education - a good information, adapted according to the age of the child, with arguments that stimulate the child and capture him in this exchange of the correct information as in a fun, interactive game.
E.g - the game of dishes, with colored foods, chosen according to food groups, correct food combinations, carefully supervised by an adult. Equally important from a motivational point of view for the child are the models he has in his life and according to which he then guides his choices.
It is useless to try to suggest to the child or even to oblige them with correct food and lifestyle choices if those close to him and directly involved in his upbringing and education cannot make them.
It is the model of behavioral imitation - if the family eats junk food, little or no sport is done, only sedentary activities are encouraged (computer, television) this model will be the one that the child will take over and become extremely stubborn at all against the arguments offered by a correct education and meant to change them. the attitude. Specifically, why does he do something that adults around him do not do, day in day out, but only in theory?
A child prepared to eat healthy is an educated, informed child, surrounded by correct and balanced human and behavioral models, he is in fact a child prepared for life with everything he has to offer and will need to know at some point. choose by yourself.
That is why the most important thing is to raise awareness and confront with this problem of the child of all the persons and the decision makers that influence in some way the life of the child - family, school, friends, social environment and when these things are not enough to it goes on to qualified help - nutritionist, psychologist, trainer who in most cases get to work in the team for optimal results.
Dr. Luminita Florea, specialist diabetes doctor, nutrition and metabolic diseases at ProVita Medical Center - Diagnosis and treatment
Address: Str. Alexandrina no. 20 - 22, sector 1, Bucharest
Software tel: 0219432
Tags Diabetes Children Obesity Children