The theory of multiple intelligence was developed in 1983 by Dr. Howard Gardner, a professor at Harvard University. He suggests that the traditional notion of IQ-based intelligence has its limitations and proposes, instead, eight different types of intelligence that cover a much wider palette of human intellect.
The types of intelligence, the 8 fundamental dimensions of the concept of multiple intelligence, according to Dr. Gardner's theory, are: verbal / linguistic, logical-mathematical, spatial, kinesthetic, musical, intrapersonal, interpersonal and naturalistic. Subsequently, Dr. Gardner introduced the type of existentialist intelligence.
Dr. Gardner states that, in most educational and cultural systems, the importance is given only to verbal and logical-mathematical intelligence, neglecting the other dimensions of multiple intelligence. He recommends granting an important balance to all 8 dimensions of multiple intelligence, paying the necessary attention to children / students who show inclinations to artistic, naturalistic, etc., as well as to children who are often labeled as having learning problems, attention / concentration problems Take lessons.
These children, given their particular way of thinking, should be helped to develop in the areas to which they have inclinations, not to be demotivated due to the less developed skills they have in the linguistic and logical-mathematical fields.
Dr. Gardner proposes a major transformation of the way schools work, by training teachers and educators so that they are able to present lessons in a variety of ways, using music, theater, artistic activities, multimedia, teamwork, introspection, excursions and more.
He proposes to renounce the teaching of lessons, using only their story by teachers / educators, at homework, which no longer allows the child to have free time, the insistence on memorizing dry information taught in class. Multiple intelligence theory causes educators and parents to work with children so that each child benefits from the opportunity to learn ways to harmonize with their unique way of thinking.
There is no perfect way to learn, but it is important that the educator and parent find the right learning method for each child.
Approaching learning according to this theory does not mean that all 8 channels must always be used for learning something, but exploring as many possibilities as possible to learn something in order to decide which of them is most appropriate in each particular case.
The multiple intelligence theory extends the horizon of the possibilities of learning / assimilating the knowledge beyond the conventional, verbal and logical-mathematical methods used in most schools.
Multiple intelligence theory has powerful implications in the learning and development process of adults, giving them a new perspective to analyze, their way of life, their profession, their passions and offers them the opportunity to develop, in different ways. (courses, personal development programs, hobbies), inclinations that they had in childhood and that were inhibited by imposing a stereotype thinking and learning mode.
Thomas Armstrong believes that the Waldorf education system is closest to multiple intelligence theory.
The theory of multiple intelligence has been subject to many criticisms over the years, but nevertheless has many followers and is promoted in many schools (especially in the United States) and educational systems. Dr. Gardner does not claim that multiple intelligence theory is not a perfect theory, but it is an extended picture of the classical definition of intelligence.
Here's what Dr. Gardner says: "I want my children to understand the world not just because the world is fascinating and the human mind is curious. I want them to understand the world so they can make it better. Knowledge is not the same thing with morality, but if we want to avoid previous mistakes and move on in productive directions, we must be able to understand. An important part of this understanding is to know who we are and what we can do ... Ultimately, we must to synthesize for ourselves what we understand. In an imperfect world that we can influence for better or worse, the awareness that every attempt counts is what defines us as human beings. "
Symbols of multiple intelligence on the website www.ookee.ro
Many of the toys available on the website www.ookee.ro have attached small symbols that represent the dimensions of multiple intelligence in the development that we consider to help these toys. Below, you can find a brief description of each type of intelligence accompanied by the identification icon:
This type of intelligence takes into account communication and expression skills, the ability to give nuances, order and rhythm to words. It is the specific intelligence of writers, translators, poets, lawyers. Children with powerful verbal intelligence like to read, write, tell and learn foreign languages easily.
This type of intelligence takes into account the abilities of working with figures, deductibility, logical thinking, relationship.
This type of intelligence takes into account the abilities to create a visual - spatial representation of things, to think in dynamics. It is the specific intelligence of architects, builders, painters, pilots of airplanes or racing cars. Children with developed spatial intelligence create visual - spatial representations of things and can transpose them onto concrete supports, they can imagine and project things, they can observe the dynamics of things.
This type of intelligence takes into account the abilities of expression with the help of the body, very good coordination between the parts of the body, solving problems through physical activities. It is the specific intelligence of athletes, dancers, ballerinas, surgeons, those who have trades in which the fineness of movements is important. Children with a developed kinesthetic intelligence, have very good eye-hand coordination, great ability to express emotions through movement and are gifted in sports.
This type of intelligence takes into account the abilities to compose music, to sing to an instrument or vocal. It is the specific intelligence of artists, composers, vocalists and instrumentalists. Children with a developed musical intelligence have a developed sense of the rhythm of the sounds, they easily learn to play an instrument, they like to listen to music from an early age.
This type of intelligence takes into account the abilities to understand the relationships between people and to develop these relationships. It is the specific intelligence of the negotiators, the educators, the religious leaders, the politicians, the sales people, the advisers, those who work in the field of public relations. Children with developed interpersonal intelligence work very well in the team, easily understand the intentions, motivations, goals of others, communicate easily, mediate and negotiate successfully.
This type of intelligence takes into account the abilities to understand one's emotions, motivations and goals. It is the specific intelligence of psychologists, doctors in certain fields. Children with developed intrapersonal intelligence can properly assess their qualities, understand themselves very well, know how to automate themselves.
This type of intelligence takes into account the abilities to understand nature, to help preserve it. It is the specific intelligence of biologists, explorers, nature researchers. Children with a developed naturalistic intelligence will enjoy learning about plants and animals, participating in trips and expeditions, helping to conserve the environment.
www.ookee.ro, Online toy store