Metroragia or abnormal vaginal bleeding

Metroragia or abnormal vaginal bleeding

Metroragia are called those abnormal vaginal bleeding that women experience between two menstruation. These are usually benign and do not pose a major danger to their health. However, any abnormal vaginal bleeding requires specialist consultation to eliminate serious causes such as genital cancer or serious uterine disorders.

What is metrorrhagia?

Metrorrhagia is abnormal vaginal bleeding outside the menstruation. Any woman who is in the reproductive period, that is to say, is experiencing such problems. In some cases, the metrorrhagia shows small signs of menstrual cycle disturbance or a reaction to certain environmental factors, while in other situations it may be the alarm signal for serious illnesses,

Why is metrorrhagia occurring?

Metroragia can have multiple causes, but all are related to the female genital tract and are strictly related to various conditions at this level.

  • polycystic ovary syndrome;

  • follicular cyst;

  • fibroids;

  • polyp;

  • genital cancer;

  • endometriosis;

  • endometrial hyperplasia;

  • salpingitis;

  • the use of intrauterine devices as a contraceptive method;

  • use of oral contraceptives (such bleeding may occur due to too low dosage of the contraceptive or improper use);

  • sexually transmitted diseases (gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia, etc.);

  • hormonal imbalances.

Metroragia and pregnancy

When abnormal bleeding occurs in pregnant women it is certainly a sign that something is wrong. If metrorrhagia occurs during pregnancy, urgent medical attention is needed to remove the risks that may arise as a result of the causes that cause it:

  • miscarriage;

  • extrauterine (ectopic) pregnancy;

  • retroplacentar hematoma;

  • placenta previa.

How is the diagnosis established and how is it treated?

If the bleeding is due to the use of oral contraceptives or sterilization, the concerns are not very great. Once the sterilization is clinically repositioned and a correct dose of contraceptive is indicated, they will disappear.

If it is found that the bleeding is more and more frequent, occur several times between two times and become abundant, the specialized consultation is mandatory.

The consultation may be followed by a pelvic or internal examination, and then by some special tests depending on what you suspect has caused the bleeding (ultrasound, hysteroscopy, etc.) to better investigate the causes.

The treatment is established in relation to the cause that caused the metrorrhagia. It is important to note or remember as best when the bleeding occurs, how often they occur and whether or not they were abundant, because the doctor will ask you this.

Medication can be given as a therapeutic form, especially on a hormonal basis, or surgery can be done if necessary to remove the cause of the metrorrhagia. Natural treatments are also an option that more and more women are taking into consideration when treating these problems.

Tags Metroragie