In detail

Eating disorders in children

Eating disorders in children

Eating disorders are some of the most complicated and difficult to overcome psychological problems that children may face. They occur especially in adolescence or puberty, but also in young children, and can have dramatic repercussions, including death. The most common and serious disorders are anorexia, bulimia or binge-eating disorder.

Although it seems hard to believe and shocking, children can also suffer from eating disorders. Both sexes are affected by these, but it seems that girls are more prone and have the most risk factors for developing them, compared to boys. In general, eating disorders do not affect children under the age of 10 or 11 years, although there are statistics that prove that cases have been registered in children of 2 years.

Anorexia nervosa

The most common form of dietary tubing is anorexia nervosa, in which children consider them to be too fat and refuse to eat more to maintain their weight or lose weight. It is considered a psychiatric disorder.

Children suffering from anorexia want to become weaker, but they will still be fat. Besides avoiding eating, when they do, they ingest very small amounts of food, which they tend to cut into very, very small pieces. They are on a continuous diet. Many children with anorexia:

  • they have a distorted image of the body, they are overweight when they are almost emaciated;

  • I feel the need to always have control;

  • are obsessed with weight control;

  • Anorexic people are usually socially and academically fulfilled.

The therapy for this disorder is made involving a whole team of specialists with the role of rebalancing the weight and restoring the physical health of the child, but also for improving the social and psychological function. It involves nutritional effort for weight gain, individual psychotherapy, family therapy, and, if applicable, drug treatment.

Bulimia nervosa

Bulimia is an eating disorder similar to anorexia. It affects children who have a distorted body image, who consider themselves fat and want to lose weight continuously, despite the fact that it is not.

Children who suffer from bulimia often share concerns about weight gain (they are almost obsessed with this) and negative opinions about the shape and size of their body.

The victims of bulimia ingest a very large amount of food and immediately vomit, to avoid weight gain, by:

  • induction of vomiting (with the fingers);

  • laxatives;

  • excessive sports.

Unlike anorexia, a bulimic person does not necessarily look underweight, so this is not an indication that would lead to her being detected. Many children with bulimia:

  • they overcharge and induce their vomit in secret, because they feel disgusted and ashamed of their behavior;

  • they also have other psychological conditions: anxiety, depression, etc .;

  • eat excessively to try to cope with intense emotions, and vomit to

do not get fat; I use food as a therapy for certain experiences.

The treatment of this condition is long lasting and is made most effective by a combination of individual child and family therapy, behavioral and nutritional rehabilitation.

Binge-eating disorder

Binge-eating disorder corresponds to frequent episodes of overeating or overeating. And it's also called compulsive eating. It resembles bulimia and is based on food on the nervous system.

It is a condition in which a child can regularly eat large quantities of food for several hours continuously and is very serious because it can endanger his life. Unlike bulimics, those who suffer from "binge-eating disorder" do not induce vomiting afterwards. They may be normal in weight or slightly overweight, even obese. Children with this syndrome:

  • recursively eat huge quantities of food, even exceeding the maximum point of discomfort, secretly; the child feels that he cannot stop eating and cannot control himself;

  • you may feel very sad and ashamed of what you do and may have other mental health conditions such as depression, anxiety, etc.

Binge-eating disorder is a serious problem, but one that can be successfully treated. Treating it can be difficult, as there are no obvious signs. The child should be followed closely and brought to psychological counseling. It seems that cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy is the most effective way to approach this disorder.

Tags Food disorders children Anorexia nervosa children Bulimia children